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Book Review

This Christian thriller by Ted Dekker was originally published as four smaller Kindle ebooks — Identity, Mirrors, Unseen and Seer in the " Outlaw Chronicles" series. It was published as a traditional book by Worthy Media and is written for kids ages 15 and up. The age range reflects readability and not necessarily content appropriateness.

Positive Elements

Spiritual Content

Sexual Content

Violent Content

Crude or Profane Language

Drug and Alcohol Content

Other Negative Elements


Pro-social Content

Objectionable Content

Summary Advisory

Plot Summary

Christy Snow is 17, an orphan with a nebulous past and an isolated present. She's painfully insecure about her appearance and is living off trust fund money, trying to figure out what to do with her life. Her only friend is Austin Hartt, another teen whom she met in the orphanage where she lived. He's a loner, too, a deep thinker auditing classes at Harvard.

Several years earlier, Austin learned about a hospital supply room filled with defunct medical equipment and old books. He figured out how to break in, and he and Christy still hang out there sometimes. When Christy's treasured locket goes missing, she heads to the storage room to look for it. She sees the locket there, but she falls through a hole in the floor as she's reaching for it. She finds herself trapped in the vent system under the hospital. She is able to make a quick call to Austin before her cellphone dies. She finally manages to slide out of the vent into an old boiler room before following a stairwell to a hospital corridor. She soon discovers she has walked into a mental institution.

Staff members in the institution seem convinced she is a patient named Alice Ringwald. Since she has no identification to prove otherwise, they won't allow her to leave. Austin, answering Christy's call for help, enters the hospital boiler room using the same route Christy did. In the basement, he sees a man named Douglas Fisher (the mental hospital's admissions director) who appears to be experimenting on a girl. Fisher knocks out Austin and admits him to the hospital as Scott Connelly, a paranoid and delusional patient.

Christy and Austin try to escape unsuccessfully several times. In-between those times, they interact with Fisher and other staff, including as hospital administrator Kern Lawson, who repeatedly play on their deepest fears and tell them they're out of their minds. The teens play along at first, hoping they can placate the hospital personnel. But eventually, Christy and Austin start to doubt all they have believed about themselves, wondering if the staff isn't right about their insanity.

Fisher tells Christy and Austin that he can fix them. Christy finally embraces the idea that maybe the doctors can make her beautiful through numerous surgeries. Austin still fights Fisher's attempt to cut into his brain and give him peace, so the director puts Austin alone in a pitch black room for long periods of time. At one point when Austin is outside of the dark room, he is certain he has brutally murdered Fisher and stuffed his body in the morgue. But shortly thereafter, Fisher reappears without a scratch on him.

Fisher and Lawson's surgeries leave Christy looking skeletal and horrific. They assure her they can put some of the fat back in and do additional work on her body. Meanwhile, Christy and Austin find two pairs of glasses in a desk drawer. When they put them on, they are once again able to see themselves for who they really are. They pass, unhindered, though several previously-locked hospital doors until one opens into a mountainous landscape. There, they meet a man with a black trench coat, biker boots and kind blue eyes who calls himself Outlaw. He tells them he's been looking for them. He wants to show them the way out of their prison and assures them they don't need fixing. They are already beautiful and whole. They simply need to surrender to that truth. He urges them to remember all he's told them and keep their eyes wide open. Suddenly, they find themselves back in the mental hospital.

Staff members continue to torture Austin emotionally and prepare Christy for more surgeries. Through the chaos, Christy is able to recall Outlaw's words. She watches herself on the operating table in an out-of-body experience and proceeds to stab and kill her physical body. Freed from her prison of physical insecurity, she finds Austin in his pitch black room. With great effort, she convinces him the room is only an illusion, and the two walk out of the institution. They find themselves free, walking through the hall of a regular hospital. A sign indicates the psych ward is closed for construction.

After Christy and Austin return to their normal lives, Christy sees Outlaw sitting on a bench. He tells her she, Austin and the other patients in the hospital were all orphans raised by monks as part of an experiment. The project failed when it became clear that even raising children with the best Christian teaching would not ensure they became great, fearless leaders of humanity. The kids' memories were erased, and they were released back into the world. Outlaw says Christy is the first to escape the lies of the world and rediscover who she really is. He urges her to keep believing she is beautiful and restored. Outlaw tells her that others, like Austin, will eventually find their way out of their self-made prisons as well.

Christian Beliefs

Christy ponders how some people say it took seven days to make the world. She says she doesn't know if that's true. While wearing glasses that allow them to see their true selves, Austin and Christy meet Outlaw. He tells them that the eye is the lamp of the body and that they are in darkness because their eyes are closed to the truth. He tells them they are already beautiful and beloved and whole, and he has come to call them home (though he doesn't really explain what "home" means or where it is).

He tells Christy that a frightening, condemning vision she saw of her father was a false image. He says religion has caused people to make a god in their own image and make him capable of hatred. He tells them if they disapprove of part of themselves, they are actually disapproving of the one who made them. Outlaw urges Austin to surrender who he thinks he is to who he really is and not to lean on his own understanding (though Outlaw doesn't really explain why Austin should trust him). He later tells Christy that Austin is trapped in his own dogma and can't see beyond his own mind.

Outlaw is clearly a Christ figure. Some of his quotes are taken from Scripture, and he talks about a Father (with a capital F). He talks about faith in a vague way but doesn't actually mention Christ, God, the Bible, heaven or salvation.

Other Belief Systems

Students in Austin's class discuss evolution and debate how, or if, humans are higher life forms than any other living organisms. Austin says humans are superior because they have the ability to use their minds to gather and organize knowledge. Austin says if he has a religion, it is knowledge. Christy wonders if dying in the hospital basement is her karmic obligation. Trapped in her room in the mental hospital, Christy thinks if there was a worse hell than this, she pities the followers of the god who made it.

Authority Roles

Fisher and Lawson try to convince Christy and Austin that they are delusional teens named Alice and Scott. These men perform surgeries on patients to alter their minds and bodies, telling them they are giving them peace. Outlaw assures Christy and Austin that they are already perfect and beloved and asks them to open their eyes to that freeing truth. Friendly and affectionate, he invites them to embrace their Father (without explaining who the Father is or why he deserves their trust).


Screw it and heck appear a time or two.

Fisher hits Austin over the head with his fist, the force of a sledgehammer. Austin kills Fisher and cleans up massive amounts of blood. He uses a scalpel to slice through the dead man's flesh and retrieve a chip that will help him access an elevator to escape. He puts Fisher's body in the morgue. Lawson kicks Austin, slamming him facedown onto the floor. Lawson then kicks Austin in the head. Lawson slices a patient's cheek with a sharp blade and forces Austin to taste the blood.

Later, he discovers Fisher is still alive and shows no signs of any injury. Hospital personnel do various surgeries on Christy, removing and reinserting fat. From outside of her body, she watches them cutting up and peeling back skin on her bloody, gashed up, lumpy naked form. Christy watches her surgery in the operating room from outside of her body. She plunges a knife into her body on the operating table, through the rib cage and into the heart.


Christy kisses Austin gently on the neck to try to wake him from his stupor. Outlaw kisses Christy and Austin on the forehead.

Discussion Topics

If your children have read this book or someone has read it to them, consider these discussion topics :

How do Christy and Austin see themselves when the book begins?
* How are they imprisoned by their impressions of themselves?
* What lies do the staff members tell them that play into their fears and false beliefs?
* What lies does society tell you about who you are and who you should be?

What does Outlaw tell Christy and Austin about their true selves?
* How does God view His children, according to His word?
* In what areas do you struggle to believe you are beautiful and whole?

Why does Christy stab her own body near the end of the book?
* What does this "suicide" represent?

Additional Comments/Notes

This review is brought to you by Focus on the Family, a donor-based ministry. Book reviews cover the content, themes and world-views of fiction books, not their literary merit, and equip parents to decide whether a book is appropriate for their children. A book's inclusion does not constitute an endorsement by Focus on the Family.

You can request a review of a title you can't find at reviewrequests@family.org.

Episode Reviews



Readability Age Range

15 and up


Ted Dekker






Record Label



Worthy Media


On Video

Year Published




We hope this review was both interesting and useful. Please share it with family and friends who would benefit from it as well.

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